What Is The Federal Scholarship Board?

Many students dream of pursuing higher education, but the financial burden can feel like a towering obstacle. Scholarships offer a glimmer of hope, but navigating the world of financial aid can be confusing, especially when faced with terms like “Federal Scholarship Board.” Here’s the truth: there is no single, centralized Federal Scholarship Board in the United States.

However, fret not, aspiring scholars! While there isn’t a one-stop shop, the federal government does offer a variety of scholarship and grant programs through different departments and agencies.

The Department of Education (DoEd)

While the Department of Education (DoEd) doesn’t directly award scholarships itself, it plays a critical role in supporting students’ journeys towards higher education affordability. Here’s how the DoEd empowers you in your scholarship quest:

Championing Need-Based Grants

The DoEd administers some of the most well-known financial aid programs in the United States, focusing on need-based grants. These grants are awarded based on your financial situation, ensuring financial limitations don’t hinder your academic aspirations.

The Department Of Education Scholarships

Federal Pell Grant

This need-based grant is one of the most well-known federal financial aid programs. It’s awarded to undergraduate students demonstrating exceptional financial need.

The soaring cost of higher education can feel like a daunting mountain to climb. But fear not, aspiring scholars! The Federal Pell Grant stands as a beacon of hope, offering a significant financial boost to undergraduate students demonstrating exceptional financial need. Let’s delve into the details of this need-based grant and explore how it can empower you to achieve your academic goals.

Eligibility: Who Qualifies for a Pell Grant?

The Pell Grant prioritizes students who come from families with limited financial resources. To be eligible, you must:

  • Be a U.S. citizen or an eligible non-citizen.
  • Demonstrate exceptional financial need as determined by the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
  • Not have earned a bachelor’s degree or professional degree yet.
  • Be enrolled in an eligible degree or certificate program at a Title IV accredited institution.
  • Be a registered student with Selective Service (if male).

Award Amounts: How Much Can You Receive?

The amount of your Pell Grant award depends on your Expected Family Contribution (EFC) as determined by the FAFSA, your enrollment status (full-time or part-time), and the cost of attendance at your chosen institution. The Department of Education sets annual award maximums, with the maximum award for the 2023-2024 award year being $7,395.

Benefits of a Pell Grant: A Gift, Not a Loan!

Unlike student loans, Pell Grants are a form of gift aid, meaning they do not need to be repaid. This translates to significant financial freedom – you can focus on your studies without the burden of accumulating debt.

Federal Supplemental Educational Opportunity Grant (FSEOG)

Another need-based grant program, FSEOG is awarded to undergraduate students with exceptional financial need who are also Pell Grant recipients. The award amounts vary depending on funding availability and individual need.

Who Qualifies for an FSEOG?

Similar to the Pell Grant, the FSEOG prioritizes students with exceptional financial need. However, unlike the Pell Grant, which is awarded to all eligible students, FSEOG funds are limited. Here’s a breakdown of the eligibility criteria:

  • Demonstrated Exceptional Financial Need: Determined by your Expected Family Contribution (EFC) on your FAFSA application.
  • Must Be a Pell Grant Recipient: Priority is given to students who already receive a Federal Pell Grant.
  • Undergraduate Status: Only undergraduate students are eligible for the FSEOG program.

Award Amounts and Factors:

FSEOG awards vary depending on several factors, including:

  • Your Financial Need: Students with the greatest financial need receive larger awards.
  • Funding Availability: The total amount of money allocated to your school’s FSEOG program will impact individual award amounts.
  • Your Enrollment Status: Full-time students typically receive higher awards than part-time students.

While there’s no set maximum award amount, FSEOG grants typically range between $100 and $4,000 per academic year.

The Beauty of FSEOG: A Grant, Not a Loan!

Just like the Pell Grant, the FSEOG is a form of gift aid. This means you don’t have to repay the money you receive! This financial boost can help cover educational expenses beyond tuition, such as books, housing, or living costs.


This program provides grants to students who agree to teach in high-need fields in low-income schools following graduation.

Who Qualifies for a TEACH Grant?

The TEACH Grant prioritizes individuals dedicated to becoming highly qualified teachers in specific subject areas and locations:

  • Subject Areas: The program focuses on high-need subjects like math, science (including computer science), foreign languages, bilingual education, special education, and reading specialist programs.

  • Low-Income Schools: Recipients must commit to teaching in high-need elementary or secondary schools serving low-income student populations.

Additional Eligibility Criteria:

  • Be a U.S. citizen or an eligible non-citizen.
  • Demonstrate financial need as determined by the Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA).
  • Be enrolled in an eligible teacher preparation program at a Title IV accredited college or university.
  • Maintain good academic standing.

Award Amounts and Obligations:

The TEACH Grant offers up to $4,000 per academic year, with a lifetime maximum of $16,000 for undergraduate students and $8,000 for graduate students. However, receiving this grant comes with a service obligation:

  • Teaching Service Requirement: After graduation, TEACH Grant recipients must complete four full academic years of qualified teaching service within eight years. Qualified service includes teaching high-need subjects in low-income schools as defined by the program.

Other Federal Agencies

National Institutes of Health (NIH)

For students passionate about biomedical research, the National Institutes of Health (NIH) offers a beacon of hope – scholarships specifically designed to cultivate the next generation of scientific leaders. Let’s explore the NIH scholarship landscape, unveil the opportunities they present, and guide you towards the program that aligns best with your academic and research aspirations.

Investing in the Future: A Range of NIH Scholarships

The NIH, the largest public funder of biomedical research in the world, recognizes the importance of nurturing exceptional minds. Here are some prominent NIH scholarship programs to consider:

  • Undergraduate Scholarship Program (UGSP): This program targets students from disadvantaged backgrounds committed to careers in biomedical, behavioral, and social science research. It provides a comprehensive support system, including:

    • Up to $20,000 per year for tuition, educational expenses, and living costs.
    • Paid summer research internships at the NIH.
    • Potential post-graduation employment and training opportunities at the NIH.
  • NIH Loan Repayment Programs: These programs assist talented researchers by repaying a portion of their qualified educational debt in exchange for committed service at the NIH.

  • Other NIH Training Programs: The NIH website lists various training programs offered by its institutes and centers, some of which may include scholarship components. Regularly check the NIH website (https://www.nih.gov/) for the latest updates and offerings.

National Science Foundation (NSF)

The NSF, a leading federal agency dedicated to promoting scientific discovery and innovation, recognizes the importance of supporting future generations of STEM professionals. Here are some prominent NSF scholarship programs to consider:

  • Graduate Research Fellowships (GRF): Open to highly talented graduate students pursuing research-based Master’s or Ph.D. degrees in STEM fields. The GRF provides a three-year annual stipend and tuition allowance for full-time study.

  • Scholarships in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (S-STEM): This program awards grants to universities to fund scholarships for financially disadvantaged, academically talented undergraduate students pursuing degrees in critical STEM fields.

  • NSF Scholarships for Antarctica: For exceptional undergraduate students fortunate enough to participate in research projects on the icy continent. This program provides funding to defray certain expedition costs.

  • Other NSF Programs: The NSF website lists various fellowship and scholarship programs offered by its specific research divisions, some of which may target specific research areas within STEM fields. Regularly check the NSF website (https://www.nsf.gov/) for updated information and offerings.

Beyond Financial Support: The Value of NSF Scholarships

The benefits of NSF scholarships extend far beyond the financial aid. These programs offer valuable experiences that can elevate your STEM career:

  • Research Opportunities: Gain firsthand experience working on cutting-edge research projects alongside renowned scientists and engineers.

  • Professional Development: NSF scholarships often include workshops and training programs designed to hone your research skills and prepare you for future success.

  • National Recognition: Being awarded an NSF scholarship is a prestigious honor, setting you apart from the competition in graduate school applications or future job searches.

Department of Defense (DoD)

The DoD recognizes the critical role STEM professionals play in national security. Here are some prominent DoD scholarship programs to consider:

  • Science, Mathematics, and Research for Transformation (SMART) Scholarship-for-Service: This prestigious program provides full tuition, fees, and a living stipend for undergraduate and graduate students pursuing degrees in STEM fields critical to national security. In exchange, recipients commit to working as civilian employees at a DoD agency after graduation.

  • Air Force ROTC (Reserve Officer Training Corps) Scholarships: These scholarships cover a significant portion of tuition costs for students committed to becoming Air Force officers after graduation. ROTC programs combine academic studies with military training, preparing students for leadership roles in the Air Force.

  • Navy ROTC Scholarships: Similar to Air Force ROTC scholarships, Navy ROTC programs offer financial aid in exchange for a commitment to serve as commissioned officers in the Navy after graduation. These scholarships come in various forms, including full-ride options.

  • Other DoD Programs: The DoD website and individual military branches may offer additional scholarship opportunities. These programs may have specific eligibility requirements related to intended military branch or area of study. Explore the DoD website (https://www.defense.gov/ dod.mil])) and branch websites for the latest offerings.

Beyond Financial Benefits: The Value of DoD Scholarships

DoD scholarships offer more than just financial aid. Recipients gain valuable experiences that can shape their careers:

  • Guaranteed Employment: Upon graduation, you’ll transition seamlessly into a rewarding civilian career within the DoD, putting your knowledge and skills to use in critical national security missions.

  • Leadership Development: ROTC programs, if applicable, incorporate leadership training, preparing you for supervisory roles within the military or civilian DoD workforce.

  • Unique Work Environment: DoD careers offer the opportunity to work on cutting-edge technologies and contribute to the nation’s defense efforts.

Finding the Right Scholarship

The key to unlocking federal scholarship opportunities lies in thorough research. Here are some helpful resources:

  • Federal Student Aid website: (https://studentaid.gov/) This comprehensive website provides a wealth of information on federal financial aid programs, including eligibility requirements and application processes.
  • Scholarship search engines: Numerous online scholarship search engines can help you find scholarships based on your academic interests, financial need, and other criteria. Popular options include Scholarships.com, Fastweb, and CollegeBoard.
  • College financial aid offices: Don’t underestimate the power of your college’s financial aid office. They can guide you through the application process for federal and institutional scholarships and grants.


  • Deadlines are crucial – Make sure to submit your applications well before the deadline to increase your chances of receiving a scholarship.
  • Keep your grades up – Federal scholarships and grants often have academic requirements, so maintaining good grades is essential.
  • Don’t be afraid to apply – Even if you don’t think you’ll qualify, apply for scholarships that align with your goals. The worst they can say is no!

The Road to Your Educational Dreams

While there’s no single Federal Scholarship Board to navigate, the federal government offers diverse financial aid programs through various agencies. With dedication, thorough research, and a little guidance, you can find the scholarships that can help pave the way for a successful academic journey. Now, go forth, explore the resources available, and make your educational dreams a reality!